Archive for May, 2012

Last week I bid on and won a lot in the auction of the Dr. Sidney Reingold collection of reliefs, sculptures and paintings. Among the seven pieces in the lot I captured were two very rare galvano plaques. The two were correctly attributed to sculptor Jules Roiné but obviously the terse description did not reveal their full history.

The 16-inch tall plaques are matching portraits of Henry Hudson and Robert Fulton. They were issued – no surprise here – for the Hudson-Fulton Celebration in New York City. This 1909 event was the inspiration for year-long celebrations on the river named for the English explorer, who traversed these waters three hundred years previous, and the steamboat inventor who tested his inventions on these same waters one hundred years previous.

It was also cause for numerous medals and plaques to be issued that year, including the first issue in the medal series, Circle of Friends of the Medallion, by John Flanagan. Chester Beach, Emil Fuchs, among other American medalists, also seized the opportunity to create Hudson-Fulton medals, plaques and badges for this occasion.

The catalog description did mention Medallic Art Company for both pieces, but this is not strictly the case. They were created by Roiné and Weil Company the year before Medallic Art was formed. But Jules Roiné, Henri Weil and Felix Weil, were all closely associated, and their work intertwined, as I will relate in this report.

Jules Edouard Roiné was born in Nantes, France, 1857, and came to America in 1881. He plied his trade as a sculptor as an active member of the New York City circle of sculptors where he met countrymen and brothers Henri and Felix Weil. The trio formed a lasting friendship and bonded with common heritage and professional interests.

Roiné exhibited 28 items at the American Numismatic Society’s Exhibition of Contemporary Medallic Art in 1910, nineteen of which were galvano casts. The others were only a portion of the fifteen known struck medals he had created prior to this time. What is evident from this list is that he was proficient in preparing sculptor’s models which were appropriate for either a struck medal or a bas-relief plaque.

Roiné’s plaques were all electrogalvanic casts (except for a Lincoln portrait which was foundry cast by Gorham in Providence Rhode Island.). He was creating these galvano casts as art objects as early as 1894. This was an ideal method of reproducing sculptors’ small bas-relief models (it was only the size of the tank that limited the size of the object to be replicated).

An electrogalvanic tank was required, plus copper anodes, and a source of low voltage, direct current. The tank had to contain a solution with a high content of copper ions. (It also required a cyanide chemical in the solution to aid the deposition, so the operator had to know what he was doing working with the highly toxic chemical.)

Roiné obviously had knowledge of electroforming, the technology of making galvano casts. Whether he had his own tanks and performed this task himself, we do not know. Whether he taught this to his friends Henri and Felix Weil, we also do not know. It makes sense, however, since the Weil brothers were sculptors’ assistants. They performed any and all chores required of them by the sculptors they worked for.

Felix, younger of the Weil brothers, had just come off a job working for the firm that created and installed all the decorative trim in the public rooms of the Waldorf-Astoria Hotel. Felix was looking for his next assignment. This was about 1908.

Since 1902 Henri had been working for the Deitsch Brothers, a firm of ladies finer accessories specializing in handbags. Their handbags were trimmed with silver findings and Henri had been hired to make these. He cast these at first but learned of the Janvier reducing machine in Paris on a trip there and influenced his employers to obtain one of these machines. It arrived in Summer 1902.

Perhaps Felix wanted something a bit more permanent, instead of relying on work from New York sculptors. But sculpture work was what he knew best. Joining with Jules Roiné as a partner in a sculpture workshop seemed to meet both their requirements. Roiné had more commissions than he could handle himself making Felix an ideal partner.

Lincoln Centennial Medal

Lincoln Centennial Medal

They formed Roiné, Weil and Company in 1908. Their output for the following year was enormous. Not only was it the New York City celebration for Hudson-Fulton, it was also the centennial of the birth of Abraham Lincoln. The pair kept busy providing models and patterns for both these medallic functions to medal manufacturers, including Henri as Medallic Art Company, Whitehead & Hoag in Newark, in addition to Gorham.

Irrespective of whoever received the commission, Henri at Medallic Art or the partners at Roine and Weil, it was Roiné who prepared the model, Felix made the galvano cast. This was taken to Henri, two blocks away to his workshop, where Henri cut the dies. Henri subcontracted striking the medals to one of the metalworking shops nearby and “colored” the struck medals afterwards. He would give them a lacquer coating after applying a French finish highlighting their detail.

This arrangement among the three Frenchmen worked well through the years following the halcyon days during the dual anniversary year of 1909.

While Henri struggled at first to make a success of the infant Medallic Art Company, Roiné and Weil prospered. Without Roiné’s knowledge, the brothers, Henri and Felix, pooled their earnings no matter who made what where. They split their earnings. In effect, Roiné and Weil was supporting Medallic Art Company in the early years of the 1910 decade.

It could be said without question: Without a Julius Edouard Roiné there may not have been a Medallic Art Company had it gone under during those early lean years.

Henri repeatedly asked Felix to join him at Medallic Art to help make the infant firm viable. But Felix was happy in his association with Roiné. This continued until the year 1915 when disaster occurred. Roiné contracted Bright’s disease (kidney failure). His illness precluded him from working further at the level as before.

Roiné wanted to return to France. He bid farewell to their workshop and Felix put his partner and his family on a steamship bound for France. Roiné died the following year, April 11, 1916.

Felix tried to keep the sculpture workshop going on his own, but ultimately succumbed to Henri’s pleas to come join with him at Medallic Art. He did so in 1916.

But Jules Edouard Roiné was as important to the early development of Medallic Art Company as were Henri and Felix Weil. Despite the fact he was not an employee, nor involved other than furnishing the necessary models for Henri to cut the dies. For this reason I have appended the full entry of Roiné from my Databank of American Artists.

ROINÉ, Jules Édouard (1857-1916) French-American medalist.

Correct form: Jules Édouard Roiné.
Born Nantes, France, 24 October 1857. Came to America 1881.

Exhibited frame of medals at the National Academy of Design New York winter show (1908) item 369. Partner with Felix Weil in sculpture firm, Roiné, Weil Company, New York City, 1909-1915; they specialized in bas-reliefs and galvano creations, but also prepared models and designed medallic items as well. Made models for Felix’s brother Henri (at Deitsch Bros) and also for Whitehead & Hoag. Roiné dissolved partnership with Weil after he becoming ill with Bright’s disease (kidney failure); he returned to France 1915.

Died France, 11 April 1916.
Fellow: National Sculpture Society.

1894 Delpech (Marguerite) Galvano Plaque Collection:ANS (IECM) 21
1895 Roiné (Perine) Galvano Medallion (mother of the artist) ANS (IECM) 24
1897 Madonna Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 20
1897 Natalis Dies Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 22
1898 Geneviève (Saint) Galvano Plaque ANS (IECM) 25
1900 Baptème Galvano Plaquette ANS (IECM) 5
1900 Fiançailles Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 12
1900 La Siècle Nouveau Galvano Plaque ANS (IECM) 17
1902 Delpech (Paul et Jean) Galvano Plaque ANS (IECM) 23
1906 Runkle (Bertha) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 2
1907 Benedicité Galvano Plaquette ANS (IECM) 6
1907 Chinaman Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 3
1907 Holt (George Chandler) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 5
1908 Divin (Amour) Galvano Medallion ANS (IECM) 3
1908 Lesisohn (Alice) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 1
1908 Khayat (Khalil) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 6
1908 Sanderson (Mrs Cobden) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 10
1908 Sickles (Elizabeth) Galvano Medal ANS (IECM) 4
1909 Fulton (Robert) Galvano Plaque
1909 Auctions: PCA 47:411
Collection: American Numismatic Society 0000.999.44122
1909 Hudson (Henry) Galvano Plaque
Auctions: PCA 47:411
Collection: American Numismatic Society 0000.999.44124
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Galvano
Auctions: PCA 57:281, PCA 63:290
1910 Lincoln (Abraham) Circular Plaque (cast by Gorham Company)
Auctions: J&J 27:960; PCA 43:319
1911 Sullivan (Algernon Sydney) Plaque (isued by American Numismatic Society and New York State Bar Association) [dates/issue:1911-1931] ANS (IECM) 2, Baxter 298
Auctions: PCA 43:421, PCA 53:398, PCA 68:609
1909 Hudson-Fulton Celebration Souvenir Badge (by Roiné and Weil; struck by Whitehead & Hoag) Baxter 102
Auctions: PCA 47:1908
Circle of Friends of the Medallion Series:
1911 Circle of Friends Lafayette Medal CoF 5, Baxter 303, Fuld LA 1911.1
Auctions: J&J 22:811; CAL 32:1587; NAS 72:1134; PCA 46:1276, PCA 65:492, PCA 68:610, PCA 74:67
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1]. 1909.999.135
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery. 335
Collection: Maryland State Archives. MSC SC 4680-1-272
Collection: Newark Museum, New Jersey [>1]. 26.2491
Collection: Smithsonian National Numismatic. 667:31
Illustrated: M19 {1963} Chamberlain, fig 52
1887 Sullivan (Algernon Sydney) Plaquette (isued by American Numismatic Society and New York State Bar Association) [dates/issue:1887-1908] (struck by United States Mint (after 1911 struck by Medallic Art Co, see below) ANS (IECM) 2, Baxter 298
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] . 0000.999.4310
Collection: Smithsonian National Numismatic 393:387
1897 Honneur de la Patrie Plaquette ANS (IECM) 15
1898 Ligue des Droits de l’Homme Medal. ANS (IECM) 18
1899 Jour de Naissance Medal. ANS (IECM) 16, Baxter 295
1900 Aux Armes Citoyens (La Marseillaise) Medal ANS (IECM) 4
1900 Floréal Plaquette ANS (IECM) 13
1900 Paris Exposition Universelle Plaquette Baxter 98, ANS (IECM) 9, 10, 31
1900 Souvenir of Marriage Medal ANS (IECM) 26
1900 (ca) New York City Department of Street Cleaning George E. Waring Medal Storer 3719
1903 Venice International Art Exposition Medal ANS (IECM) 27
1905 Rousseau (Louis F.) Plaque ANS (IECM) 19
1907 American Laryngological-Rhinological and Otological Society Gustav Killian Medal (modeled by Roiné; struck both with diamond-D hallmark of Deitsch Bros, and without by Medallic Art Co) Deitsch 07-C, MAco 07-5, Baxter 297, Storer 6807
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 1940.100.2134
1908 Archdiocese of New York Centennial Medal (withdiamond-D hallmark of Dietsch Bros) MAco 08-2, ANS (IECM) 7, 8, Johnson 17, Belden 52, Baxter 299, ANS 3497
Auctions: CAL 31:309, CAL 35:839; J&J 10:994, J&J 19:837, J&J 20:216, J&J 23:613, J&J 26:578, J&J 27:732; NAS 72:494; PCA 43:417, PCA 46:247, PCA 47:374, PCA 50:391, PCA 54:1837, PCA 56:399, PCA 60:1579, PCA 67:336, PCA 67:889, PCA 68:604, PCA 68:1538-1539, PCA 74:665-666
Collection: Smithsonian National Numismatic 665:10
1908 American Numismatic Society Grover Cleveland Memorial Plaquette Johnson 19, MAco 08-1, ANS (IECM) 14, Belden 54, Baxter 302, ANS 3498-3499
Auctions: J&J 12:518, J&J 20:44, J&J 24:450, J&J 27:735; PCA 46:252, PCA 50:396, PCA 51:355, PCA 54:350, PCA 55:1639, PCA 56:401, PCA 58:1581, PCA 60:392, PCA 80:413, PCA 81:519
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.4385
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery [>1] 336
Collection: Newark Museum 38.641
1908 Saint Patricks Cathedral Plaquette
Collection: American Numismatic Society 1992.87.1
Hudson-Fulton Celebration:
1909 Fulton (Robert) Dollar HK 375, HK 376, HK 377, HK 378, Baxter 105, Smith 57, DeLorey 76
Auctions: NAS 72:525; PCA 46:134, PCA 48:203-205, PCA 48:259, PCA 63:231, PCA 70:485-487
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.47584
1909 Fulton (Robert) Clermont Medalet J&J 21:389
1909 Hudson (Hendrik) Daalder (designed by Frank Higgins, modeled by Roiné; issued by Thomas Elder) HK 368, HK 369, HK 370, Rulau N22, Baxter 104, DeLorey 74
Auctions: CAL 29:601, CAL 35:636; J&J 9:1183-1187, J&J 16:1429; NAS 65:2215, NAS 72:525; PCA 44:199, PCA 44:1396, PCA 45:162, PCA 45:1158, PCA 48:966-967, PCA 48:255, PCA 49:254, PCA 49:803-804, PCA 50:895, PCA 52:941, PCA 52:117, PCA 53:1091, PCA 54:1450-1451, PCA 55:63, PCA 56:152, PCA 58:201-202, PCA 58:1069, PCA 58:1073, PCA 59:18, PCA 59:213-214, PCA 60:119, PCA 60:965, PCA 61:727-729, PCA 63:228, PCA 64:1485, PCA 65:978, PCA 65:266, PCA 68:112, PCA 72:339, PCA 70:481-482, PCA 81:111
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.47545
1909 Hudson (Hendrik) Gold Daaler (reduced from same Roiné model as the larger daaler, this is gold dollar size) DeLorey 75, HK 371, HK 372, HK 373, HK 374
Auctions: J&J 9:1188-1191; PCA 46:133, PCA 48:201-202, PCA 48:968, PCA 56:153, PCA 70:483-484, PCA 80:101
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.47536
1909 Hudson Fulton Plaquette (signed Roiné & Weil, struck by Whitehead & Hoag) MH 705, Baxter 102
Auctions: CAL 28:244, CAL 30:2038, CAL 35:568; PCA 48:1535
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.44070
1909 Brooklyn Daily Eagle Hudson Fulton Medal (signed Roiné & Weil, struck by Whitehead & Hoag)
Auctions: CAL 28:244
Lincoln Centennial Medals:
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) By His High Command Medal. King 294
Auctions: PCA 47:1665
1909 Grand Army of the Republic Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal (modeled by Roiné; struck by Davisons, copyright under bust, near edge) King 299
Collection: Smithsonian National Numismatic. 382:302
1909 Grand Army of the Republic Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal (modeled by Roiné; without artist’s J.E.R. initials, struck by Davisons) King 300
Auctions: CAL 30:533; J&J 18:525; PCA 47:1439, PCA 48:1224
Illustrated: N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image, p 178
1909 Grand Army of the Republic Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal (modeled by Roiné; no initials, and truncation of bust is at rim) King 301, 302
Auctions: CAL 28:559, CAL 29:846, CAL 30:534, CAL 30:2082, CAL 33:1648, CAL 35:939; J&J 17:799, J&J 20:235, J&J 23:666, J&J 25:377, J&J 26:634,J&J 27:958; PCA 47:1440, PCA 47:1666, PCA 64:1778, PCA 65:1413, PCA 66:1059, PCA 67:698, PCA 70:1140, PCA 72:1394
1909 Grand Army of the Republic Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal (modeled by Roiné; King variety 301, but struck from canceled dies by Medallic Art Co) King 310, Baxter 301
Auctions: PCA 66:1059
1909 Grand Army of the Republic Abraham Lincoln Centennial Medal (modeled by Roiné; hung from a pinback header with lettering: Representative, Salt Lake City; made by Davison, Philadelphia) King 321
Auctions: PCA 53:1313, PCA 80:1213
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal (originally struck by Whitehead & Hoag; issued by American Numismatic Society; later struck by Medallic Art Co) Johnson 21, King: 294, 302, Baxter 300
Auctions: PCA 50:392, PCA 51:155
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery 333
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal (struck by Medallic Art Co; issued by American Numismatic Soc) . Johnson 21, King: 294, 302, Baxter 300
Auctions: BMP 2:5725-5726; CAL 30:533; J&J 12:575, J&J 18:525, J&J 23:664; PCA 65:1412, PCA 66:224, PCA 67:339
1909 American Numismatic Society Lincoln Plaquette (by Jules Edouard Roiné; struck by Whitehead & Hoag) Baxter 300, King 302, Johnson 21
Auctions: J&J 16:1904; PCA 46:249, PCA 47:375, PCA 50:392, PCA 59:512, PCA 63:419, PCA 64:213, PCA 65:331, PCA 68:180
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery 333
Illustrated: N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image p 179
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal King 303
Auctions: J&J 25:378
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal King 305
Auctions: J&J 20:236, J&J 22:994
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal King 307, MAco 09-5
Auctions: CAL 534:535; J&J 20:237, J&J 23:667, J&J 24:641
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal (mouned in diecut page in book, The Lincoln Centennial Medal, copyright by Robert Hewitt, published by G.P. Putnam Sons; medal by Roiné; struck by Medallic Art Company) King 309, MAco 09-5
Auctions: CAL 28:560, CAL 29:847, CAL 33:1650, CAL 35:941; J&J 9:736, J&J 14:684, J&J 19:1052; PCA 59:322, PCA 65:1414, PCA 81:302
Illustrated: N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image, p 172
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Plaquette (issued by American Numismatic Soc) Johnson 21, MAco 39-25, Storer 3505-3506
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centenary Tribute Medal (modeled by Roiné; with rev quote by HSK – Horatio Sheafe Krans – struck and copyrighted by Medallic Art; bound in book, The Lincoln Tribute Book with A Centenary Medal by Roiné) King 332
Auctions: BMP 2:5705; CAL 28:561, CAL 33:1651; J&J 10:1769; PCA 81:303
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery 332
Illustrated: N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image, p 179
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centenary Tribute Medal (loose medal, not bound in book) King 332
Auctions: CAL 35:942
1909 Lincoln (Abraham) Centennial Medal [with cancelled die rev inscription] King 347
Auctions: PCA 65:1425
1909 Medals and Statues Reduced and Enlarged Medal (prepared for Dietsch Brothers, NYC, with name Medallic Art Co, illustrated on firm’s stationery and in advertisement run in Monument News, November 1909 to July 1910)
1910 Lincoln (Abraham) Token (designed by Thomas Elder, modeled by Roiné; struck by Henri Weil for Deitsch Brothers, New York) DeLorey 47, King 242
Auctions: PCA 55:65, PCA 56:159, PCA 57:277,PCA 59:19, PCA 70:496
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] .0000.999.48081
llustrated: I N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image, p 184
1910 Pennsylvania Monument at Gettysburg Unveiling Medal (portrait George R. Meade)
Collection: Smithsonian National Numismatic 665:9
1911 Sullivan (Algernon Sydney) Plaquette MAco 11-4, ANS (IECM) 2, Baxter 298
Auctions:. CAL 33:1611; PCA 43:420, PCA 56:403, PCA 59:506-507, PCA 64:698, PCA 69:366
Collection: American Numismatic Society .0000.999.40648
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery 334
1913 New York City Street Cleaning Waring Medal
Auctions: PCA 69:1600
1914 Society of Beaux-Arts Architects Medal (dates/issue: 1914-1933) Baxter 304, Maier 233, MAco 1914-011
Auctions: CAL 31:310; PCA 44:349, PCA 49:1150, PCA 51:1083, PCA 55:297, PCA 65:1830, PCA 66:1295
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] 0000.999.43440
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery 338
1917 To Arms Medal (obv by Roiné, rev by Adolpher Rivet, struck in Paris, probably by Artrus Bertrand, Roiné returned to France from America and created only oneside before his death 11 April 1916)
Auctions: J&J 13:551; PCA 44:1266
1910 Medals and Statues Reduced and Enlarged Medal (with Joseph K. Davison’s Sons name replacing Medallic Art Company name after purchase of Dietsch medal business) Baxter 296, King: 908, King 929
Auctions: J&J 21:392; PCA 74:2187
Illustrated: M40 The Numismatist (October 1984) . p 2073
1927 Lincoln Elder Token Replica DeLorey 48, King 1043
Auctions: PCA 53:1314, PCA 55:66, PCA 57:1306-1308, PCA 59:30, PCA 65:324, PCA 70:497
1928 Medallic Art Company 25th Anniversary Medal (modified from Roiné’s 1909 models for: Medals and Statues Reduced and Enlarged Medal (prepared for Dietsch Brothers, NYC, with name Medallic Art Co on obv, illustratedin advertisement run in Monument News, November 1909 to July 1910); 1928 date added MAco 28-36
1939 Lincoln Elder Token Replica 5DeLorey 49, HK 493
Auctions: PCA 55:64, PCA 56:158, PCA 57:150, PCA 59:41, PCA 59:224, PCA 64:541, PCA 67:219, PCA 68:113, PCA 70:494-49
1958 Lafayette Fellowship Foundation Plaquette MAco 58-72
1962 Sullivan (Algernon Sidney) Foundation Medallion (obv by Roiné, lettering & rev by Ramon Gordils) MAco 62-95
Auctions: J&J 11:624, J&J 18:203
C4 {1912} Comparette 302, 303, p 382; 387 393; 9, 10 665; 31 667.
C14 {1996} Marqusee 332-338, p 65-66, (biography) 95.
E3 {1902-39} Forrer 5:195-196, 8: 169-170
NE1 {1910} ANS 3497, 3498-3499 p 251, 3505-3506 252.
NE2 {1911} ANS (IECM) 1-27, p 263-266 (biography).
S1 {1924} King 294, p 42; 299-302 43; 305-310 44-45; 329-332 48; 333 49; 908 120; 929 125-126; 941 129.
M13 {1928} Newark Museum. Medals Made in Newark, p 5.
Mx {1928} [Trees (Clyde Curlee)] Medallic Art in Commerce, Civics, Philanthropy, Letters and Science. New York: Medallic Art Company (1927) 39 pages.
M14 {1931} Storer (medical) 3719, p 503.
P2 {1943} Saxton (Burton H.) Two Famous Americans: Augustus Saint- Gaudens and \ J. Edouard Roiné. The Numismatist 56:1 (January 1943) p 94-96.
R6 {1950ca}Weil. Unpublished manuscript. (Roiné’s two Lincoln models reducedby Henri Weil; Felix Weil in partnership with Roiné who returns to his nativeFrance because of illness.)
N10 {1958} Adelson, p 149, 181, 183.
M19 {1962) Chamberlain (Georgia Stamm) Circle of Friends of the Medallion 1909-1915, Numismatic Scrapbook Magazine 28:2 (February 1962) pp 303-307; an28:3 (March 1962) pp 667-668. Reprinted in: American Medals and Medalists(1963) pp 127-131; figures 51-54.
101 {1963} Brown (Milton) The Story of the Armory Show. NY: Abbeville Press and Joseph Hirshhorn (1963) 349 pages. 2nd edition (1988).
M20 {1963} Hibler and Kappen 368–378, p 53-54.
S34 {1972} Johnson (Medals of ANS) 17, 19, 21.
M36 {1976} Johnson CoF 5 (Circle of Friends).
S43 {1980} DeLorey 47, 48, p 1350; 49 1351.
E17 {1983} Pessolano-Filos, p 100-101.
M40 {1984} Stahl (Alan) The American Industrial Medal. The Numismatist 97:10 (Oct 1984) p 2066-2073.
BF1 {1985} Falk, p 524.
D33 {1986} Opitz, p 786.
M42 {1987} Baxter 295-304, p 72; (296 illus p 3).
AE1 {1988} Falk 2:412.
MA1 {1988} Stahl (Alan M., editor) The Medal in America. ∙ Joseph Veach Noble”The Society of Medalists” & Circle of Friends of Medallion, pp 223-247.
S52 {1989} Rulau, Discovering America N22, p 269.
AE5 {1990} National Academy of Design, p 444.
BF2 {1999} Falk. Who Was Who in American Art, p 3:2812.
N35 {1999} Schneider, Collecting Lincoln, p 103.
D3a {2006} Benezit. Dictionary of Artists, p 11:1279.
N40 {2009} Kleeberg and Alexander, An Island of Civility; the Centennial History ofThe New York Numismatic Club 1908/09-2008/09. New York: The Club, p 369 (member 1909-12).
N41 {2009} Reed (Fred). Abraham Lincoln, The Image of His Greatness, p 172, 176-179.
M64 {2010} Maier (Nicolas) French Medallic Art, 1870-1940, p 275; 233 p 275, 401 (biblio); passim.

Read Full Post »