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Archive for the ‘Medals’ Category

Ever since the Philadelphia Mint was established, in 1792, has the policy been in place that private medals could be struck there; provided, of course, such work did not interfere with the normal duties of the Mint personnel and the client paid the government for all costs including the metal used for striking the medals.

While the first such private medal was not dated – for Ricketts’s Circus – the enterprising circus promoter was the first to take advantage of this. Numismatic researchers can only state these medals were made at the Mint between1793 to 1795.

Despite the fact that striking medals for non-governmental clients was common among European mints, a very strong reason compelled such medals in America to be struck at the Philadelphia Mint. No other presses in America could strike a medal of silver dollar size or larger!

One important restriction.  One provision in the Mint policy on private work at the Mint, however, came about during the administration of Andrew Jackson. No medals were to be struck at the Mint for any political campaigns. Mint personnel were prohibited from involvement in such political work.

This created, in effect, a cottage industry of die engravers with a small screw press of creating campaign medals, a custom of providing citizens a name and sometimes a portrait of a candidate in a country with limited reading material. These were usually small medals to be distributed freely among potential voters.

At the Mint private medal dies were created by mint engravers and struck on mint presses by mint pressmen. Of the 412 medals, cataloged by numismatist Robert Julian, struck by the U.S. Mint in its first century, 252 were for private individuals and organizations, mostly for schools, notable events and celebrations, and even one wedding medal.

A client, for instance, who commissioned an American jewelry firm, as Tiffany & Co, to create a large medal for them, occasionally would have them struck at the Philadelphia Mint (if they didn’t have them struck in Europe). Often clients would deal with the Mint directly or through the Treasury Department in Washington.

Medallic Art competition. This practice of the U.S. Mint continued well into the 20th century. By the 1930s when medal jobs became somewhat scarce, Clyde Curle Trees, president of Medallic Art Co, did not appreciate this policy of the Mint. They were striking medals that should have, he reasoned, be struck by private industry and his firm.

As he had to curtail operations of Medallic Art to half days to support his employees and keep his business afloat, he began mounting a campaign to get the U.S. Mint out of the private medal business. He wrote to Treasury officials pointing out it was unfair to use government equipment and government employees — and pay no taxes — in competition with his private firm, which of course, had to pay taxes.

His letters fell on deaf ears throughout the years prior to World War II.

During the war Trees postponed this campaign since he could not get bronze to strike medals anyway. After the war he got busy manufacturing military medals and decorations. He resumed his effort, however, in the late 1940s, appealing to the Treasury for many years and to each new administration — without much apparent effect — as it was not until 1966 (six years after Trees’ death) that the U.S. Mint stopped producing medals in competition with American private medal industry.

Mint engravers outside work. While mint engravers were permitted to create models for medals for any client who came to the mint, it was also permitted for mint engravers to create models on their own time, working in their own home studio. For the most part they brought these models to Medallic Art Company to be made into dies and strike medals.

This began in 1927 with U.S. Chief Engraver John R. Sinnock. For the first half dozen of these Sinnock was listed as Medallic Art’s client, so he was preparing these for someone else. Sinnock and MACO’s Clyde Trees were to form a close relationship.

In 1930 Trees learned that the Crane Company in Chicago was planning a 75th anniversary. When he called the firm’s president, he learned they had already commissioned a Chicago sculptor for the models, but they were not satisfied with his design. Trees, not to lose such a prospect, called Sinnock, bring your sculptor tools and let’s travel to Chicago.

As Sinnock worked in a hotel room, Trees saw the president in person, learned what he had to create for an acceptable medal. He conveyed that information to Sinnock who had a portrait done in two day’s time, Trees got the approval and the order before the two returned to New York City. Trees had a never-say-quit attitude.

Over the next two decades Sinnock was to send four dozen models to Medallic Art Company, and established a relationship that was to continue with succeeding Chief Engravers. In a show of gratitude for so many of these commissions, Sinnock modeled Clyde Trees portrait. This was prepared as both a medal and a galvano relief and that is the Trees portrait that was illustrated in that June 1945 Fortune magazine article.

Gilroy Roberts close ties to Medallic Art.  As close as Sinnock was to Clyde Trees, his successor, Gilroy Roberts became close to all Medallic Art officials. He served on a number of committees with art director Julius Lauth and was long-time friends with the Trees family and, of course, Bill Louth, who assumed MACO presidency in 1960.

Considered the top medallic sculptor in America at the time, Roberts was commissioned to prepare the portrait reliefs of all MACO directors, and, ultimately, Bill Louth’s portrait as president. The relationship between Roberts and Medallic Art officials was very close, not only as sculptor of dozens of commissions sent his way and the 70 medals the firm made from his models, but also for leading the art community to consider art medals as a proper art forum.

The relationship became strained, when, in October 1964 he resigned from the U.S. Mint to become chief engraver of Franklin Mint, a new competitor in the medallic field. Enticed by promoter Joseph Segal to become Chairman and Chief Engraver of this private mint, he virtually severed his relationship with Medallic Art Company.

The Franklin Mint produced only proof surface medals (until it bought foreign firms who possessed the technology for relief finish), Roberts made only three medals, which Medallic Art Company struck, after he joined Franklin Mint.

Gasparro less active.  Frank Gasparro was named Chief Engraver on Roberts resignation. He was willing to work with Medallic Art Company when a situation required it. A New York City client, the Liberty National Shrines desired a four-medal series. U.S. Mint engravers prepared four different reverses. and Gasparro created the obverse to appear on all four. The U.S. Mint struck the small silver medals, Medallic Art struck the large bronze.

Gasparro was also commissioned to prepare one medal in a series produced by Medallic Art. He did the


U.S. Mint Chief Engraver’s Medallic Work
Made by Medallic Art Company

SINNOCK, John Ray  (1888-1947) sculptor, engraver,
Chief Engraver, Philadelphia Mint, 1925-1947.
Born Raton, New Mexico, 8 July 1888.
Joined the U.S. Mint engraving staff in 1917 as Assistant
Engraver, transferred to Bureau of Engraving and Printing,
to return in 1925 to be Chief Engraver.
Signed models JRS monogram (6 different), or JS initials
(later on Roosevelt dime).
Fellow: National Sculpture Society.
Died Staten Island, New York, 14 May 1947.

M  E  D  A  L  S

1927 Kaufman (Louis Graveraet) Merit Medal (actually a
plaquette) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1929-067

1927 Pennsylvania Museum and School of Industrial
Art Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1927-006

1928 American Peony Society Bertrand H. Farr Medal (obv
by Sinnock, rev by Feilx Weil) . . . . . . . . MAco 1928-007
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 57:1653

1928 Philadelphia Electric Company Accident Prevention
Plaquette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1928-050
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PCA 57:1654, PCA 72:1921

1929 Edison (Thomas Alva) Medal (struck by Medallic
Art Co). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1929-100
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 7:468

1929 Edison (Thomas Alva) Plaquette (one of first two medals by
Sinnock to carry the “art medal” as inscription on
the reverse, 1929-81 the other) . . . . . . .  MAco 1929-057
Auctions:. . . . . . J&J 25:262; CAL 30:243; PCA 57:1856,
PCA 80:453
Collection: American Numismatic Society. .  1940.100.193
Illustrated: The Numismatist 42:11 (November 1929) p 745

1929 Lewi (Maurice J.) Plaquette. . . . . . . . .  MAco 1929-078
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  CAL 28:425
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . 1930.999.68

1929 Hole-in-One Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1929-036
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 13:862

1929 Homans & Company 50th Anniversary Medal. . . . MAco 1929-002
Auctions:. . . . . . .  J&J 13:9, J&J 21:9; PCA 57:1656, PCA 70:1330
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . 0000.999.7582

1929 MacDonald (J. Ramsay) Medal. (one of first two medals by
Sinnock to carry the term”art medal” as inscription on
the reverse, 1929-57 the other) . . . . . . .  . . . . MAco 1929-081
Auctions:. . . . . J&J 21:1856; CAL 28:134, CAL 30:2020;
PCA 55:1654, PCA 57:1657
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1930.94.1
Illustrated: The Numismatist 42:11 (November 1929) p 744

1929 Mendel (P. Gregor) Medal . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1929-048

1930 Boyd (James) Memorial Medal. . . . . . . . . . MAco 1930-007

1930 Crane Company 75th Anniversary Medal . . . .  MAco 1930-023
Auctions:. . . . . . . CAL 35:10; J&J 13:10, J&J 14:454,
J&J 19:355, J&J 19:387, J&J 21:1065, J&J 24:347,
J&J 26:395; PCA 57:1660
Collection: American Numismatic Society [>1] 1940.146.17
Collection: Princeton Library Vermeule (NC000) . . . 188
Exhibited: Utah Museum of Fine Arts (1991) . . . . . 188

1930 Janssen (Henry) Plaquette. . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-049
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 57:1658

1930 Pennsylvania Horticultural Society James Boyd
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1930-007
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 57:1659

1930 Woods (Edward A.) Company 50th Anniversary
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1930-051

1931 American Medical Assocition Frank Billings
Plaquette. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-039
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 57:1661

1931 Fahnestock & Company 50th Anniversary Medal. . MAco 1931-001
Auctions:. . . . . . . CAL 30:134; J&J 7:245, J&J 9:422,
J&J 13:48; PCA 66:1309, PCA 67:908, PCA 70:1331
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . 1940.100.45
Collection: Cornell Univ Johnson Art Gallery . . . . 355
Collection: Princeton Library Vermeule (NC000) . . . 196
Exhibited: Utah Museum of Fine Arts (1991) . . . . . 196

1931 Grant (Madison) Medallion. . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-068

1931 Malloy (Jack) Memorial Medal . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-069

1931 New York Herald Tribune Yard and Garden Medal
[dates/issue: 1931-35] . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-013
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 50:1330

1931 New York State Historical Association
Medallion. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1931-047
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:96, J&J 12:283
Collection: American Numismatic Society [>1] 1940.100.43

1932 Dickens Christmas Carol Medallion (obverse portrait
and reverse models by John R. Sinnock, after 19th
century drawings by John Leech; struck for
Philadelphia bookseller Charles Sessler by
Medallic Art Co) . . . . . . Harris MPR-32, MAco 1931-062-001
Auctions:. . . . . . J&J 10:101, J&J 18:430; PCA 69:1733,
PCA 80:1703
Collection: American Numismatic Soc [>1] .  1940.100.624

1932 Dickens Christmas Carol Uniface Medallion (similar
to rev of previous medal with modifications in lettering
and branches at side in model by John R. Sinnock,
after 19th century drawings by John Leech; struck
for Philadelphia bookseller Charles Sessler by
Medallic Art Co) . . . . . . Harris MPR-33, MAco 1931-062-002
PCA 80:1702

1932 Garbo (Greta) Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1932-022

1932 Hoover Company Silver Jubilee Medal. . . . .  MAco 1932-037
Auctions:. . . . . .  J&J 7:469, J&J 16:1008, J&J 25:10;
PCA 57:1662, PCA 74:2208
Illustrated: P4 {1983} TAMS Journal 23:1 (February) p 21
Illustrated: M40 The Numismatist (October 1984) . p 2071

1933 Chase National Bank Salmon P. Chase Medal.  MAco 1933-038-001
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 8:1618; PCA 57:1664
Illustrated: The Numismatist 53:8 (August 1940) p. . 581

1933 Chase National Bank Money Museum Medal . .  MAco 1933-038-002
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 24:610

1934 Hoover Cetnury of Progress Medal . . . . . . . MAco 1933-009

1934 Methodist Episcopal Church in America
Sesquicentennial Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1933-022
Auctions:. . . . . . .  J&J 16:2017, J&J 19:1118, J&J 25:1526;
CAL 28:665, CAL 30:2106; PCA 57:1663
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1940.100.47
Illustrated: The Numismatist 47:6 (June 1934) page . 392

1935 Schurz (Carl) Memorial Foundation Medal (dates/issue:

1935-36) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1935-010
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 57:502, PCA 65:529

1936 Schenectady’s Half Century of Electrical Progress
Medal (obv portrait of Thomas Edison by Sinnock,
rev by Rene P. Chambellan). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1936-038
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. J&J 12:420

1936 McKenzie (Robert Tait) Medal [this uniface medal is
one of a pair, each artist – Sinnock & McKenzie –
did the other's portrait in uniform size, ultimately
in 1966 Medallic Art Co issued these as two sides of
the same medal]. . . . . . . . . Freeman 334, MAco 1937-018
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . 1976.263.12

1937 Mount Vernon Seminary Alumnae Medal. . . . . . MAco 1937-005
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . PCA 57:1665-1666, PCA 61:1339,
PCA 81:566[silver]

1937 Somers (Elizabeth J.) Plaquette. . . . . . . . MAco 1937-007

1937 Voorhis (Warren R.) Medal. . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1937-040

1938 Gates (Russell C.) Medal . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1938-036
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 70:753

1938 Morgenthau (Henry) Secretary of Treasury Medal. MAco 1935-006

1938 Brown (Mark Anthony) Medallion . . . . . . .  MAco 1938-020
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 57:504, PCA 70:753

1939 Acacia 45th Anniersary Bronze Meritorious Medal
(reverse by Rene P. Chambellan). . . . . . . . MAco 1939-001

1939 Acacia 45th Anniversary Plaquette. . . . . . . MAco 1939-002

1939 Barnes (Earl B.) Medal . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1939-042
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 70:753

1939 Pennsylvania Society of Minature Painters
Medal of Honor . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1939-012

1940 Trees (Clyde Curlee) Medal . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1940-028
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 57:504, PCA 70:753
Illustrated: Fortune Magazine 31:6 (June 1945) page 182

1946 Princeton University Bicentennial Medal. . . . MAco 1946-001
Auctions:. . . . . . CAL 29:355; J&J 12:284, J&J 19:430,
J&J 25:47, J&J 27:716; PCA 57:1667, PCA 65:1622,
PCA 66:1317, PCA 69:1748
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1947.103.1

1949 Geological Society of America Penrose Medal. . MAco 1949-005

1959 Equitable Life Assurance Society Centennial Medal (obv
by Sinnock, rev by Gilroy Roberts). . . .  MAco 1958-043-001
Auctions:. . . . . CAL 32:1818; J&J 10:229, J&J 16:1591;
PCA 57:1668
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1959.154.1


ROBERTS, Gilroy  (1905-1992) sculptor, engraver, Chief Engraver,
Philadelphia Mint, 1948-1964; Chief Engraver Franklin Mint
1965-92, Chairman of the Board 1965-72.
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 11 March 1905.
Hired 3 June 1936 for engraving staff at U.S. Mint under John
R. Sinnock, on 6 January 1938 transfered to Bureau of Engraving
and Printing, to return to the U.S. Mint where he was appointed
Chief Engraver 22 July 1948. After serving in this capacity for
17 years he resigned 8 October 1964 at age 59.
His medallic output was in three distinct classes:

  1. government work struck by U.S. Mint (1948-1964),
  2. private issues mostly struck by Medallic Art Company (1950-1967),
  3. private issues struck entirely by Franklin Mint (1965-1992).

Enticed to leave the U.S. Mint by Joseph Segal, founder
of the Franklin Mint, Roberts was named Chief Engraver
and Chairman of the Board of Franklin Mint. He headed an
engraving department for this private mint that was to grow
to over a two dozen full time staff members, and utilized the
freelance talents of more than 240 outside sculptors. Roberts
would often create the first medal of a new series (in 20
instances) and other sculptors would do the remainder of the
series.

He signed both coin and medal models with distinctive GR
monogram (but in 15 different styles, often with date).
His monogram on the Roosevelt dime was infrequently mis-
taken for a Russian hammer & scythe by the uninformed.
Three U.S. Mint artists–Roberts, Frank Gasparro, Adam
Pietz–(and sculptor Micael Lantz) were the first American
medalists to have exhibited in a F.I.D.E.M. exhibition (1951).
Roberts was a member of the jury (1974) of the National
Bicentennial Competition which chose the three coin designs
for the reverses of the U.S. quarter, half and dollar coins (won
by Jack L. Ahr, Seth G. Huntington, and Dennis R. Williams,
qq.v.). Other jury members were: Adlai S. Hardin, Robert
Weinman, all sculptors, Julius Lauth, of Medallic Art Company,
and Elvira Clain-Stefanelli, Smithsonian Institution numismatic
curator.

Member: National Sculpture Society.
Died Haverford, Pennsylvania, 26 January 1992.

His workshop was replicated after his death by the American
Numismatic Association in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Many
of this tools, models, drawings, and works of art were placed
on loan to the association.

M   E   D   A   L   S

1950 Einstein (Albert) Medal . . . . . . Flower 3, MAco 50-24
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  WMR 31:1
Exhibited: AF6 {1955} F.I.D.E.M. Stockholm (1955). .  56

1951 Schaefer Achievement Plaquette. . . . . . . . MAco 51-55

1952 Hektoen (Ludvig) Plaquette . . . . . . . . .  MAco 52-25

1953 Atoms For Peace Dwight D. Eisenhower Medal . . .
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1976.264.6

1953 Southern Methodist University Press Club of Dallas
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 53-11
Auctions:. . .  J&J 11:1568-1469, J&J 13:422, J&J 18:853

1954 American Society of Tool Engineers Joseph A. Siegel
Memorial Medal [not the same Siegel founder of the
Franklin Mint] . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 54-10
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 16:1360

1954 American Society of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
Joseph Augustin Le Prince Medal. . . . . . .  MAco 54-33

1954 Berlin (Irving) Congressional Medal. . . . . . . . .

1954 Metropolitan Life Insurance Company F.W. Eckers Medal
(obv by Roberts, rev by Ralph J. Menconi). . . MAco 53-8
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . CAL 35:2255-2257; J&J 16:1590

1954 Republican Party Centennial Medal. . . . . .  MAco 54-56
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 28:535, CAL 33:1640, CAL 35:902,
CAL 35:984; J&J 16:1996, J&J 17:827, J&J 21:1571;
PCA 50:1082, PCA 63:1302, PCA 67:749, PCA 68:1384,
PCA 80:1232
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . 1976.264.14
Illustrated: Nat Sculpture Review 3:3 (Summer 1954) p 18
Illustrated: N41{2009} Reed. Lincoln, The Image, p 218

1955 Bigger (Issac Alexander) Medal . . . . . . .  MAco 55-44

1955 Diamond T. Motor Car Company 50th Anniversary
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 55-1

1955 Reynolds (Benjamin Smith) Medal. . . . . . .  MAco 55-58

1955 Rust Engineering Company 50th Anniv Medal. .  MAco 55-24
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 13:252

1956 Yeshiva University Albert Einstein College of Medicine
Medal [dates/issue: 1956- ]. . . . Flower 11, MAco 56-13
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 12:632; WMR 31:11
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1983.144.2

1956 Lamar Life Insurance Company 50th Anniv Medal  MAco 56-5
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 10:227, J&J 13:411

1956 Sarnoff (David) 50th Anniversary Medal . . .  MAco 56-26
Auctions:. . . . . .  J&J 12:424; CAL 30:390; NAS 72:190

1956 Sarnoff (David) Engineering Medal. . . . . .  MAco 56-33
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 63:1916

1956 Schapiro (S.) & Sons 50th Anniversary Medal. . MAco 56-7
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 24:773

1956 Stonier (Harold) Medal . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 56-48

1957 Alco Products Incorporated Dedication Medal (also
called Army Package Power Reactor Medal) . .  MAco 57-26
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 13:804

1957 All-American Football Medal. . . . . . . . .  MAco 57-62
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 10:1847, J&J 13:879

1957 Newark College of Engineering Allan R. Cullimore
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 57-55-1
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:1520

1957 New Jersey Institute of Technologty Allan R. Cullimore
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 57-55-2
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:1510

1957 Fiske (J.W.) Architectural Metals Incorporated
100th Anniversary Medal. . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 57-18
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 18:241, J&J 21:36

1957 Norwich Mills 50th Anniversary Medal . . . .  MAco 57-70

1957 Ourisman (Benjamin) Memorial Medal . . . . .  MAco 57-64

1957 Protective Life Insurance Company William J.
Rushton Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 57-10
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 10:228

1957 Reilly (John D.) 50th Anniversary Medallion.  MAco 57-74
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 11:937
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1957.39.1

1957 Sabine (Wallace Clement) Medal . . . . . . .  MAco 57-28

1957 Simplicity Pattern Company Service Medal . .  MAco 57-30
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 13:51

1958 Haag (Joseph Jr.) Plaquette. . . . . . . . .  MAco 58-66
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 11:938, J&J 18:469

1958 Rosenstiel (Lewis S.) Medal. . . . . . . . .  MAco 58-68
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 17:654

1958 Saint Joseph College Saint Louise De Marillac
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 58-28
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:1556

1959 Equitable Life Assurance Society 100th Anniversary
Medal (obv by John Sinnock, rev by Roberts).MAco 58-43-1
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 32:1818

1959 Little (E.H.) Key Tag Medal. . . . . . . . .  MAco 59-48

1959 Melville (Ward) Gold Medal . . . . . . . . .  MAco 59-53
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 16:1016

1959 Sarnoff (Daivd) Electronics Medal (portrait by
Roberts; rev lettering by Ramon Gordils) . .  MAco 59-10
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 24:775

1959 Soper (Fred L.) Medal. . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 59-16

1960 Bach (Charles T.) Medal. . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 60-76

1960 Bigelow (Henry Bryant) Medal In Oceanography  MAco 60-75
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 69:1753

1960 Haverty Furniture Companies Diamond Jubilee
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 59-38
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 16:1019

1960 Jacobs (Carl N.) Medal . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 60-101

1960 Connecticut Society of Physical Medicine Frank
Hammond Krusen Medal (obv by Roberts, rev by
Paul Manship). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 59-86
Auctions:. . . . . . . . CAL 28:427; J&J 8:1524, J&J 16:1646

1960 West (Louis B.) President of American Numismatic
Society Medal. . . . . . . . . .  Johnson 45, MAco 60-71
Auctions:. . . . . . BMP 1:4391; CAL 35:844; J&J 10:999,
J&J 24:611, J&J 27:741; PCA 49:1306, PCA 55:1675,
PCA 67:927
Collection: American Numismatic Society [>1]  1960.131.1
Illustrated: Vermeule A15 {1971} Numismatic Art p. . 219

1961 Brandeis (Louis D.) Medal. . . . . . . . . .  MAco 61-57

1961 Denver and Ephrata Telephone and Telegraph
Company 50th Anniversary Medal . . . . . . .  MAco 61-58

1961 Tate (John Torrence) Award Medal . . . . . .  MAco 61-14

1962 Odlum (Floyd B.) Medal . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 62-53

1963 Broughton Memorial Medal . . . . . . . . . . MAco 63-112

1963 Fleming (John Adam) Plaquette. . . . . . . .  MAco 63-90
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 16:2044

1963 McLain (James A.) Plaquette. . . . . . . . .  MAco 63-50
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 10:234

1963 Howard College Memory Leake Robinson Medal .  MAco 63-78
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 10:236, J&J 16:1614

1963 Tri-State Milling Company 50th Anniv Medal . . MAco 63-6

1964 Contractors’ Association of America Carl V. Cesery
Memorial Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 64-148
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:24, J&J 18:243

1964 Louth (Willim Trees) Portrait Medal. . . . . MAco 64-152

1964 Melcher (Frederic G.) Book Award Medal . . .  MAco 64-32
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 16:1137

1964 Montana Territorial Centennial Medal . . . .  MAco 63-16
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 32:1536, CAL 35:122l; J&J 9:552, J&J 18:217

1964 Howard College Frank Park Samford Medal (obv by
Roberts; rev by Ramon Gordils) . . . . . . .  MAco 64-66
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:1465, J&J 18:777

1964 Verazano Narrows Bridge Plaquette. . . . . .  MAco 64-86
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1965.165.1 

1965 Republican Party Centennial Medal. . . . . .  MAco 54-56
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 16:1996, PCA 60:1178

1965 Seng (Francis A.) Achievement Award Medal. .  MAco 65-31

1965 Yeshiva University Albert Einstein College of Medicine
10th Anniversary Medal . . . . .  Flower 15, MAco 65-156
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . WMR 31:20

1967 Krich-New Jersey Sarnoff Tribute Medal . . .  MAco 67-94

1967 Marshall-Wythe School of Law Medal . . . . . . MAco 67-7

1971 American Foundation for the Blind 50th Anniv Medal
(portrait by Roberts, rev hand cut die). . . . . . MAco 71-147

1973 Sarnoff (David) Technical Achievement Medal.  MAco 73-64


GASPARRO, Frank  (1909-2001) sculptor, engraver U.S. Mint
1942-81; joined Mint as junior engraver December 1942,
assistant Chief Engraver 1962, appointed Chief Engraver
23 February 1965, retired from the Mint 16 January 1981
for a remarkable 38 years Mint service.
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 26 August 1909.
Trained at Philadelphia Industrial Arts and Pennsylvania
Academy of Fine Arts, the later of which he served as a
Director of their Fellowship Board in his later years.
He taught at the Samuel S. Fleisher Art Memorial in
Philadelphia for over 47 years.

A most productive medallist, Gasparro prepared models for
a dozen medal series, both for the U.S. Mint and for private
firms.

Three U.S. Mint artists (Gasparro, Adam Pietz, Gilroy Roberts)
and sculptor Michael Lantz were the first American sculptor-
medalists to have exhibited in a F.I.D.E.M. exhibition (1951).

Signed models FG monogram.
Died Havertown, Pennsylvania, 29 September 2001.

M  E  D  A  L    S   E  R  I  E  S

Liberty National Shrines Medal Series:
(Obverse by Gasparro is Bartholdi’s Statue of Liberty and is
common to all four medals; first two reverses also by Gasparro,
Castle Clinton by Philip Fowler, Ellis Island by Edgar Zell
Steever. Large dies made and bronze medals struck by Medallic
Art Co; small dies made and silver medals struck by U.S. Mint,
Philadelphia, all from same patterns.)

1965 Federal Hall Medal . . . . . Gabriel G7-13, MAco 1965-024-001,
Turner 13, Dean D1965-1, Swoger 201-1
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 29:321, CAL 32:1484; J&J 14:448,
J&J 21:1012, J&J 25:1167; PCA 43:1295, PCA 58:1747,
PCA 80:1561, PCA 80:1567[set/4], PCA 81:1805-1806
Collection: Princeton Library Vermeule (NC000) . . . 217
Exhibited: Utah Museum of Fine Arts (1991) . . . . . 217
Illustrated: M60 {2008}Dean, National Comm Medals, p 20
Illustrated: M62 {2008}Swoger, Nat Comm Medals, p 194

1965 Statue of Liberty and American Museum of
Immigration Medal. . . . . . Gabriel G7-14, MAco 1965-024-002,
Turner 14, Dean D1965-2, Swoger 201-II
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 32:1484; J&J 9:525, J&J 16:1024;
PCA 58:1748, PCA 80:1562-1564, PCA 80:1567[set/4]
Illustrated: M60 {2008}Dean, National Comm Medals, p 21
Illustrated: M62 {2008}Swoger, Nat Comm Medals, p 195

1965 Castle Clinton Medal (obv by Gasparro; rev by
Philip Fowler) . . . . . . . . . .  Gabriel G7-15, MAco 1965-024-003,
Turner 15, Dean D1965-3, Swoger 201-III
Auctions:. . . . .  J&J 14:449, J&J 16:1023; PCA 58:1749,
PCA 80:1565-1566, PCA 80:1567[set/4]
Illustrated: M60 {2008}Dean, National Comm Medals, p 22
Illustrated: M62 {2008}Swoger, Nat Comm Medals, p 196

1965 Ellis Island Medal (obv by Gasparro; rev by
Edgar Zell Steever). . . . . Gabriel G7-16, MAco 1965-024-004,
Turner 20, Dean D1965-4, Swoger 201-IIII
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 19:433
Illustrated: M60 {2008}Dean, National Comm Medals, p 23
Illustrated: M62 {2008}Swoger, Nat Comm Medals, p 197
Auctions:. . . . . . . CAL 28:48[group/3], CAL 28:892[set/4],
CAL 32:1481[set/4], CAL 33:1234[group/3]; J&J 10:3[set/4],
J&J 11:37[set/4], J&J 11:39[group/3], J&J 15:380[set/4],
J&J 18:664[set/4], J&J 24:372[group/3]; PCA 58:1750[group/3]
PCA 80:1567[set/4]

Hall of Fame Series:

1971 Elias Howe Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1963-001-075
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 31:144, CAL 35:2150;
PCA 52:458[set/94], PCA 65:543[set/94]

M  E  D  A  L  S

1964 University of Iowa Hancher Medallion . . . .  . .. MAco 1964-107
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 11:1602, J&J 18:882

1967 Garden of the Patriots Medallion . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1967-025
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 18:212

1968 Marquette (Father Jacques) Medal (also called Michigan

1969 American Numismatic Association Philadelphia
Exhibit Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . . .,  MAco1969-041 

1971 Eisenhower (Dwight D.) Silver Dollar Medal (designed
by Gasparro; modeled by Rolf Beck) . . . . . . . MAco 1971-029
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . 1976.264.10

1976 Elizabeth II Visit to United States During Bicentennial
Year Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco 1976-094
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 44:262
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 2:3 (June 1975) page 1

1976 Philadelphia City Bicentennial Medal (with port Benjamin
Franklin) . . . . MAco 1975-085, Greenslet GM-258
Auctions:. . .  BMP 2:5685; CAL 35:211; J&J 8:67-68;
PCA 42:925-927, PCA 57:1891, PCA 61:418,
PCA 71:1431
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 1:3 (June 1975) page 4

1955 Fort Ticonderoga Bicentennial Medal. . . . .  MAco 1955-033
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 63:830
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1956.58.1


JONES, Elizabeth  (born 1935) sculptor, medalist,
Chief Engraver, Philadelphia Mint, 1981-90 (only woman
to have held this position).
Married name: Mrs Ludvig Glaeser.
Born Montclair, New Jersey, 31 May 1935.
Studied School of Medallic Art, Zecca Mint, Rome.
The 1982 George Washington 250th Anniversary Half
Dollar – the first of the modern U.S. commemorative coins
– with obverse by Elizabeth Jones and reverse by Matthew

Peloso won the 1984 COTY, the Coin Of The Year award
(from Krause Publications), and two other of the organization’s
awards: Most Popular and Most Historical Significant. Her
1983 Los Angeles Olympic Discus Thrower Silver Dollar
won the 1985 COTY (plus Most Popular and Best Crown).
Her 1986 Statue of Liberty $5 Gold coin won the 1988
COTY – the only American artist whose coin designs have
won so many COTYs in four year’s time!

Signed models EJ initials.
Member: National Sculpture Society.
Member: American Medallic Sculpture Association.

M  E  D  A  L     S  E  R  I  E  S

Brookgreen Gardens Membership Medal Series:

1985 Sculptor at Work Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Collection: Brookgreen Gardens (SC). . . . .  N.1984.001

M   E   D   A   L   S

1973 Casals (Pablo) Medal . . . . . . . . . (18), MAco 73-223
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 35:794; J&J 8:642

1973 Wanderers No More Israel Medal (obv portrait heads of
Herzl, Weizmann, Meir, Ben-Gurion; also called Salute
To Israel Medal) . . . . . . . . . . .  (17), MAco 73-77
Auctions:. . . . .  J&J 17:209; PCA 68:1676, PCA 71:1422
Illustrated: P15 {1974} Modern Medals (1974-75) p . . 41
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 2:2 (April 1976) p . 5

1973 Mozart (Wolfgang Amadeus) Medal. . . . . . . . . .  (16)
Exhibited: AM1 {1983} AMSA Exhibition ANS, ANA. . . p 34
Exhibited: AE8 {1981} NSS 48th Exhibition cat, illus 110
Illustrated: P8 Medallic Sculpture 5 (Fall 1989) page  2

1973 Spellman (Cardinal) Plaquette. . . . . . . . . . .  (19)

1974 University of Pennsylvania Lucy Wharton Drexel Medal

1975 Dante (Allegoria) Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  (21)

1975 Holy Year Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  (22), MAco 1974-190
Auctions:. . . . . J&J 10:1820, J&J 23:1355; CAL 31:188, CAL 35:2351
Illustrated: AF16 (1975) F.I.D.E.M. Catalog (unnumbered)
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 1:1 (February 1975)p 3
Illustrated: P8 Medallic Sculpture 5 (Fall 1989) page  2

1976 Johns Hopkins University President’s Award Medal . .

1977 Washington Cathedral Canon Charles Martin Medal. . .

1978 Al-Maktoum (Sheik Rashid) Medal. . . . . . . . . .  (24)

1978 Pope John Paul II Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .  (23)
Exhibited: AE8 {1981} NSS 48th Exhibition cat, illus 110

1979 Nobel Laureates Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  (25)

1981 Massada Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Illustrated: AF19 {1983} F.I.D.E.M. Catalog. . . .  1710

1986 Al-Tajir (Mohamed Mahdi) Medal . . . . . . . . . .  (30)

1988 International Council of Women Centennial Medal. .  (33)
Exhibited: AF22 {1990} F.I.D.E.M. Exhibit, Helsinki.
Exhibited: AM4 {1990} AMSA Newark Museum Exhibit . . p 4
Illustrated: P8 Medallic Sculpture 6 (Fall 1990) page 23

1988 Rockefeller (Nelson A.) Public Service Award Medal  (32)

1990 Sloane-Presbyterian Hospital For Women Medal . . . .
Exhibited: AM5 {1992} AMSA Cast Iron Gallery Show. .  40

1993 Clinton (William J.) Medal (unofficial inaugural medal,
struck by Medallic Art Co) . . . . . . . . . . MAco ?
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 71:1109
Collection: American Numismatic Society [>1] . 1993.69.4

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Loonie bin

Loonie bin. Photo by Nick Brancaccio,
The Windsor Star

I wrote a filler piece for one of the medal collector publications last week, inspired by a photograph taken at a Canadian coin show. The news photo displayed a senior collector pawing through what we call a “Junk Box” in America. In Canada, I noticed the sign called the plastic tote box filled with numismatic flotsam a “Loonie Bin.”

Such a box is undoubtedly called a Loonie Bin because the dollar coin in Canada bears a common loon bird and the coin has earned the nickname “loonie.” All the numismatic items in that bin are priced at a dollar.

Maybe the price has increased since I was a medal dealer 25 years ago, or maybe the price in Canada is that much higher. But I used to sell items out of my junk box for 50 cents each or three for a dollar. Many dealers have an equivalent of a “junk  box” or “loonie bin” today to dispose of cheap items that do not justify describing or cataloging or pricing individually.

For this report I would like to identify the characteristics of what ends up in a junk box. What numismatic items — what medals — have such a low secondary market value that their worth is so low, that collectors will not buy such an item unless the item is priced at drastically reduced price.

I will attempt to recall what I placed in my junk box decades ago. By doing so I will point out the characteristics of a medal that will keep a medal from ending up in a “loonie bin.” Here’s what I recall.

U.S. Mint’s mini-medals.  Introduced in the 1980s under Mint Director Mary Brooks’ direction, the Mint closed out all the 3-inch presidential medals and replaced these with a 1 ½-inch medal struck on coining presses. This required all 40 odd presidential medals to be remodeled with low relief patterns made into new dies to be able to strike large quantities on coining presses.

“We did it for the kids,” Mary Brooks said repeatedly. We ended up at the same banquet table at a convention one year and I asked her what she was most proud of during her administration at the mint. It was those mini medals “for the kids.”

By eliminating a legitimate medal series of substantial size and heritage, she was instrumental in replacing it with a series of far lesser substance, struck in large quantities. And lower value. Her mini medals for kids ends up in dealers’ junk boxes.

Sports medals.  Here are all the medals obtained from trophy houses. They are stock medals supplied to trophy shops around the country. It seems sports promoters want the cheapest medals possible to award the winners of their events. Some of these medal makers that manufacture these medals tout that their medals can be sold at less than $2 each.

Without specific identity as to date or event, these medals have no permanent validity to anyone except perhaps the recipient. They end up in dealers’ junk boxes when those medals find their way to the secondary market.

Religious medals.  Catholics around the world are encouraged to wear a medal for religious reasons. Excellent. Good cause. Glad that a medal can be an intimate daily reminder of one’s spiritual life and devotion. However, these are available in such large quantity, singular design – Virgin Mary – and small size that they lack interest among collectors.

Once I received a religious medal collection from a lady in a nearby town. She had inherited the collection from an aunt who had run a bar in an Eastern seacoast town. She collected religious medals, all those Virgin Mary medals from her patrons. Seamen gathered these all over the world and brought them to her. She exchanged a drink for each one.

I had to tell the new owner it would take me years, decades, to sell those medals. And it would have to be through my junk box. I could not offer her a dime apiece for all those medals.

Play coins.  Until a few years ago, play coins had no interest among collectors. These are imitation coins, cheaply made, for instructing children to learn about real coins and how to use them properly. They were first made in Germany, called spielmarken, even in imitation of other counties coins. American play coins were popular.

Then a book was published listing all the varieties. This gave the series some collector interest. The German made, embossed metal shells, were then sought after. But all others, mostly cardboard with printed images or plastic in color, had no enduring value. Into the junk box.

Trademark and seal medals.  Some businesses have ordered medals that bear their trademark or logo. That’s it. Only their trademark. Nobody wants these. They lack meaning unless the other side has some event or person, or even some product featured. Same for seals, unless it is an early seal. Some seals are so detailed they have a charm of their own from, perhaps, a heraldic significance. But modern, stand alone trademark medals go right into the junk box.

Aluminum medals.  Prior to 1890 aluminum was a costly metal. It requires a lot of electric current to purify the metal from its ore. Once electricity became readily available aluminum became a cheap metal. It replaced tin and lead for cheaply made medals.

Today aluminum is widely used for the lowest cost die struck items. Tokens and giveaways, promotional pieces and trade items. Not worth more than a dollar, into the junk box it goes.

Elongated cents and wooden nickels.    While not medals, these items are a large component of junk boxes. They are easily printed or rolled out, cheaply made.

Low condition medals.  Medals that are holed, dented, scratched, corroded or otherwise downgraded in condition are candidates for the junk box unless it is a very valuable medal. Even that item will be considered a filler until it can be replaced as soon as a better specimen can be obtained to replace it.

Graffiti items also fall in this category. “My dad won this” scratched in an award medal drops the value where it cannot be sold anything more than junk box price.

What are the characteristics then that keep a medal from ending up in a junk box?

Here are the red flags. This includes all factors — its composition, how it is struck, how the dies are made, and, of course, the attractiveness, appeal or significance of its design.

  • Is it cheaply made in the first place? If so it is likely to be valued even more cheaply on the secondary market.
  • Is it struck on a coining press? This often implies large quantity at a cost lower than if it is struck on a medal press.
  • Are the dies cut by tracer controlled or 3D mechanically methods? The craftsman operating these machines are generally not artists. Its mechanical design is often flat and frozen, lacking realism or the vitality a medallic artist can work into a design prepared by creating that design oversize and pantographically reducing it to the required size die for striking.
  • Is it designed by a factory artist?  These artists are usually more concerned with time, meeting a deadline and producing a quantity of work within a certain period. This demand often lacks enough time to reflect on the design at hand, to give it the proper reflective consideration to obtain an inspired theme and image.
  • Is it struck in a “medallic” composition?  Bronze, silver or gold, or even some others, but never aluminum, pot metal or similar.
  • Does it have a legitimate reason for being issued?  The more popular the event or person portrayed on the medal, the more popular the medal. If this lacks strong appeal, the medal will not appeal to collectors.

The field of medallic art is a unique field among all aspects of Art, of all other art forms. It has characteristics that are not present in other art fields. It has the ability to present a great amount of detail in a small space. Its end product is a hard, permanent, portable form of dual sides. It has the ability to outlast all other art forms – its longevity is greater than all other forms of art.

Ideal for memorializing and commemorating, medals have the characteristic of being miniature works of art that are enjoyed by individuals close up, held in the hand for viewing at eye level within intimate distance. Medals can be charming, satirical, compelling, attractive, that document a vision  in an artist’s mind.

What they shouldn’t be is cheap. If so they are destined for the loonie bin.

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Great Pyramid Calendar Medal

Great Pyramid Calendar Medal

Q: What kind of medal  has a very high utilitarian value but at the end of the year that usefulness drops to near
zero, but its collector interest increases as it becomes widely sought after as a collectable?

A:  Calendar medals.  Medallic items where a calendar (of 12 or 6 months) is incorporated into the design with a theme significant for that year. These items of ephemeral nature are omitted from some national catalogs because of that lack of lasting utility, but that is part of their charm. They are collected because they exist.

First issued in the 17th century, hundreds of different designs have been employed to accompany the calendar images. No single nation has monopolized the calendar medal. They have been issued around the world.

National mints of Austria, Japan, France – and private mints elsewhere – are currently issuing calendar medals, often in an on-going series. Themes for these medals have, of course, included Zodiac, astrological symbols, sundials, hour glasses and such time-related devices.

Medallic Art Company – when it first issued a calendar medal – took a different tack, however. It commissioned sculptors to create an art medal with a strong theme, then work the design around a reserve, the open space in the artist’s reverse model where the calendar months would be added. The calendar dates were placed in the die by figure punches applied by a highly talented hand engraver.

While the final calendar medal product took on the mantle of a miniature work of art, often of a charming nature, the technology in creating it was outstanding. Not only did it require an innovative design, but also a competent bas-relief modeler of that design, plus hand engraving of incredible precision. Each was a marriage of sculptor and craftsman, of artists and machine operators.

Sculptor Frank Eliscu created that first calendar medal for 1975. He chose a theme of forest animals, a deer and faun on one half hemisphere, an owl and owlet on the other. The scenes contrasts the seasons, summer and winter, but unites the universal theme of parent and offspring. Poses by the same animal subjects are shown on the reverse.  That is great medallic design!

Medallic Art’s calendar medal series continued the following year but by a new sculptor-artist, Marcel Jovine. The obvious theme for that American Bicentennial year, 1976, was the American Revolution Bicentennial.  So appealing was Jovine’s design, and so popular was the sale of that medal, he was commissioned to create the following year’s calendar medal as well.

Thus began decade and a half custom, a relationship with this artist to create every calendar medal for the medal issuing firm. Later the artist told this writer, “I liked doing the yearly calendar medal. I could count on receiving this commission. I had a whole year to think about the theme of the next year’s medal.”

Perhaps the artistic bubbling up in the sculptor’s mind for a year’s time made his medallic designs so appealing, so charming, so desirable. They continued each year from 1976 to 1990, save one, in 1984.

Here are the themes of Marcel Jovine’s Medallic Art Calendar Medals (with that exception of 1984, by Ed Grove):

1979 Sailing Ships

1979 Sailing Ships

1976 – American Revolution Bicentennial
1977 – Salute to Old Glory
1978 – Zodiac
1979 – Sailing Ships
1980 – Olympic Winter Games
1981 – History of Flight
1982 – Dreamer of Dreams
1983 – American Automobile
1984 – Natural World [by Ed Grove]
1985 – Rime of the Ancient Mariner
1986 – Statue of Liberty
1987 – Eagle
1988 – Carousel
1989 – Pegasus
1990 – Great American Circus

Jovine alone chose the theme in for each of these medals. Some were the major event of that year, Olympic Games, American Bicentennial, making them an obvious choice. Others were anniversary years, as the 200th anniversary of the American flag, or centennial of the Statue of Liberty. Still others were just artistic opportunities, as the Unicorn in Dreamer of Dreams.

After a hiatus of two years, Bob Hoff restarted the series of calendar medals, issued by Medallic Art under his administration. The initial five years bore a continuity of Life in Selected Environments theme, followed by the Seven Wonders of the Ancient World:

1993 – Sea Life
1994 – Jungle Life
1995 – Mountain Life
1996 – Pond Life
1997 – Farm Life
1998 – Great Pyramid
1999 – Hanging Gardens
2000 – Zeus Statue at Olympia
2001 – Unknown
2002 – Temple of Artemis
2003 – Colossus of Rhodes.

Other American firms have produced calendar medals as could be expected. This included Franklin Mint, Medalcraft, Hoffman & Hoffman. We leave it to the reader’s opinion, however, if these medallic productions rose to the high level of creativity set by Medallic Art’s calendar medal artists.

At present, the numismatic and medallic fraternity is waiting for a numismatic scholar, George Fuld, to finish his catalog of this collecting topic. He wrote on calendar medals in his monthly column in The Numismatist, January 1956 to February 1974.

Fuld was founder and first president of the Token And Medal Society. He has been collecting calendar medals for five decades. His book on the subject will undoubtedly be a standard work of the subject.

Below is a list of Calendar Medals from Dick Johnson’s Databank of American Artists of Coins and Medals that he furnished to author Fuld to include in his up-coming book.

Calendar Medals In Dick Johnson’s Databank

ANGELINI, Dominic  (1923-  ) sculptor.
Born Camden, New Jersey, 20 November 1923.
Staff sculptor at Franklin Mint.
     Calendar Medal Series:
1981 Rip Van Winkle Medal (designed by Al Fiorentino,
modeled by Dominic Angelini). . . .  FM CAL-12
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 33:1444

BLAKER, Clayton  ( ) sculptor.
On sculpture staff, Franklin Mint.
Signs models lower case CB.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1973 Tree of Time Calendar Medal. . . . . . . . . .  FM CAL-4
Auctions:. .CAL 33:1434; PCA 55:1688, PCA 57:1887,
PCA 70:1341. PCA 71:1417

Di LORENZO, Joseph  (1920-2001) sculptor, medalist.
Born Metuchen, New Jersey, 4 March 1920.
Signed models JDL initials or monogram.
One of America’s most productive medalists.
Member: National Sculpture Society.
Winner 1983 National Sculpture Society Lindsey
Morris Prize for best bas-relief (including medallic art).
Died Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 30 October 2001.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1981 Medallic Art Company Flight Calendar Medal . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 24:476

ELISCU, Frank  (1912-1996) sculptor, medalist.
Born New York City, 13 July 1912.
Died Sarasota, Florida, 19 June 1996.
Fellow, President: National Sculpture Society.
Member: National Academy of Design.
Winner Medal of Honor National Sculpture Soc, 1987.
Most famous work: Heisman Football Trophy statue.
    Medallic Art Calendar Medals:
1975 Animal Life Calendar Medal [first in series] MAco 74-121
Auctions:. . . . . CAL 29:459, CAL 32:1673, CAL 33:1437,
CAL 35:452; J&J 8:1294-1295, J&J 12:340; PCA 53:1612,
PCA 54:1848, PCA 55:1689
1991 Forest Animals Calendar Medal (obv of 1975 medal, die
1974-121, muled with 1991 calendar) . . . . . . . . . . MAco
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . , PCA 71:1462

EVERHART, Don II  (1949- ) sculptor, medalist.
Full name: Donald Nelson Everhart II.
Born York, Pennsylvania, 19 August 1949.
Sculptor in residence Franklin Mint, 1974-1980.
Appointed to U.S. Mint January 5, 2004.
Signs models lower case DE.
Member: National Sculpture Society
Member (officer): American Medallic Sculpture Assn.
Member: Fédération Internationale de la Médaille.
Member: American Numismatic Association.
Member: American Artists Professional League.
Awarded: American Numismatic Association Sculptor
of the Year, 1994.
Awarded: National Sculpture Society Prize for Reliefs
& Medals (Society of Medalists #106 Dance Dolphins) 1985.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1976 Franklin Mint Calendar Art Medal . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 50:502, PCA 71:1427
1984 Dance of Dolphins Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions: . . . . . CAL 29:466; PCA 64:2067, PCA 67:947,
PCA 71:1444, PCA 71:1463-1464
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1985.50.1
Illustrated: PCA 53 Presidential Art Auction Cat, p. . 2
1992 Sea Life Calendar Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
1993 Sea Offers Calendar Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 69:1766
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1993.69.3
1995 Erte Women Calendar Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhibited: Hands Across The Sea (AMSA 2001-2002) . .  32
1996 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . . . 1996.92.1

FIORENTINO, Al  (1913-1985) designer.
Born 13 January 1913.
Died Verona, New Jersey January 1985.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1981 Rip Van Winkle Medal (designed by Fiorentino,
modeled by Dominic Angelini). . . .  FM CAL-12
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 33:1444

GORZELANCZYK, Melody  ( ) designer.
    Medalcraft Mint Calendar Series:
1995 Calendar Medal (obv design by Melody Gorzelanczyk,
both sides modeled by Virginia Janssen). . . . . . .

GROVE, Edward Ryneal  (1912-2002) sculptor, medalist,
engraver, painter, Engraver U.S. Mint, 1962-1965.
Born Martinsburg, West Virginia, 14 August 1912.
Signed models ERG monogram or initials.
Fellow: National Sculpture Society.
Awarded: J. Sanford Saltus Medal for Medallic Art by
American Numismatic Society, 1985.
Winner 1967 National Sculpture Society Lindsey Morris
Prize for best bas-relief (including medallic art).
Member: American Medallic Sculpture Association.
Died Chatsworth, Florida, 19 November 2002.
    Medallic Art Calendar Medal Series:
1984 Natural World Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1984-115
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . .  PCA 60:1627, PCA 70:1352

GUNZER, Gladys  (1939- ) sculptor, medalist.
Married name Mrs Richard Sheridan Gunzer.
Born North Wilkesboro, North Carolina, 12 November 1939.
On staff Medallic Art Co, 1974-1989, freelance thereafter.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1982 John Deere Tractor Calendar Medal. . . . . . . Medalcraft?
1984 Louisiana World’s Exposition Calendar
Medal. . . . . .   . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco 1983-204
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 29:467
2001 Year 2001 Medal (obverse by Gunzer). . . . .  Medalcraft

HANSON, Charles H.  ( ) engraver, founder of firm bearing his name, Chicago.
Produced large number of medals for Chicago World’s Fair
(1892-3) and frequently muled dies.
More than 800 of his firm’s medals in collections of
American Numismatic Society.
    Medals:
1892 Columbus Santa Maria Perpetual Calendar
Medal. . . . . . . . .  Rulau C30, Storer 113, Eglit 67,
Fuld N.CO.2, Springfield 4612

JACOBUS, Peter H.  (c1836-c1904) German-American engraver,
diesinker, Philadelphia.
Born in Prussia about 1836.
Came to America and Philadelplhia before 1852.
Partner in engraving firm Jacobus & Schell (1856-59)
with John J. Schell. On his own after 1860. He engraved
a crossbelt plate for several military organizations for
Civil War and after.  He was captain in 2nd Regiment,
Pennsylvania National Guard. Philip Jacobus (q.v.)
also an engraver, was a younger brother of Peter’s.
Listed in city directories until at least 1904, but his
date of death still remains unknown.
Should not be confused with German miniaturist of 15th
century, Jacobus, who produced medallions on bindings.
Signed some dies with initials PHJ.
    Medals:
1858 Washington (George) Perpetual Calendar Medal . Baker 386
Collection: American Numismatic Society. .  1932.999.849
1858 Washington (George) Perpetual Calendar Medal . Baker 387
Auctions:. . .  CAL 29:795; J&J 10:1053; PCA 45:483-484,
PCA 47:1586, PCA 55:909, PCA 58:1273, PCA 63:1138,
PCA 65:1271, PCA 69:1271
Collection: American Numismatic Society . 0000.999.39340
1855 Washington (George) New York Calendar Medal Mule
(Joseph Levine attrib to Jacobus or B. True) . Baker 610
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 44:85
1855 Washington (George) Pennsylvania Calendar Medal Mule
(Joseph Levine attrib to Jacobus or B. True) . Baker 611
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 44:86
1858 Washington (George) Perpetual Calendar . . . . Baker 387
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 44:481, PCA 70:1069

JANSSEN, Virginia  (1962- ) engraver, sculptor, medalist.
Married name: Virginia Joan Janssen-Gallus.
Born Milwaukee, Wisconsin, 12 February 1962.
Studied: University of Colorado, Boulder, BFA 1985.
School of Medallic Art, Zecca Mint, Rome, diploma 1990.
Employed: sculptor-engraver at Medalcraft Mint, in
Green Bay, Wisconsin, March 1992–26 January 1996.
Operates: Small Reliefs Sculpture Studio, Nov 1996–.
Signs models: VJ initials or monogram, last name in full.
Taught Art of Engraving at one-week and one-day seminars
at numismatic organizations, American Numismatic Assn
(Colorado Springs) and American Numismatic Soc (NYC).
Submitted design for new U.S. dollar coin Nov-Dec 98.
Member: American Medallic Sculpture Association.
Member: FIDEM
    Medalcraft Mint Calendar Series:
19xx Day and Night Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . .
Exhibited: AM6 {1994} AMSA The New Medal Exhibit . . 126
1993 Medal (obv by Steven Adams; rev by Janssen). . . . .
1994 Medal (both sides by Janssen). . . . . . . . . . . .
1995 Medal (obv design by Melody Gorzelanczyk, both sides
modeled by Janssen). . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .

JOVINE, Marcel  (1921-2003) medalist, sculptor.
Born Naples, Italy, 26 July 1921. Came to America
first as a prisoner of war, repatriated to Italy, returned
in 1946, naturalized as a citizen 195?
His 1987 Constitution Bicentennial Commemorative Five
Dollar gold won a COTY, Coin Of The Year award (from
Krause Publications) for Most Historical Significant coin.
The United States Mint treated Jovine in progressively
shabby manor. His first coin models (1987) were accepted
intact for both sides (and won a CODY award, historical
significant; see above). The following year only his reverse
was accepted to allow Elizabeth Jones to do the obverse.
In 1990 his reverse only was accepted but was altered by
a staff engraver. In 1992 an Olympic reverse was accepted,
but in 1995 an Olympic reverse model was completely
remodeled by William Cousins. He decided to try again,
in 2001, but his design was merged with one of another
artist, Alex Shagin. This was the final indignity, and he
refused any further work for the Mint. For an artist who
was an exception designer of rare talent that submittled
professional models, this was a loss to the nation’s coins.
Fellow (and President): National Sculpture Society.
Member: American Medallic Sculpture Association.
Awarded: J. Sanford Saltus Medal for Medallic Art by
American Numismatic Society, 1984.
Winner 1977 National Sculpture Society Lindsey Morris
Prize for best bas-relief (including medallic art).
Officer (Ufficiali): Order of Saints Maurice and Lazarus.
Died Greenwich, Connecticut, 20 January 2003.
    Medallic Art Calendar Medal Series:
(Jovine would model both sides leaving a large area blank,
called a “reserve” for the dates and months of the calendar;
after the die is cut it would be sent to John Oliva at Carva,
in NYC, who would hand punch in all the dates of the year,
In effect hand cutting the reserve area of the die, which would
be hardened after he finished and returned the die to MACO.)
1976 American Revolution Bicentennial Calendar
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. . . . . . . . .. MAco 1975-134
Auctions:. . . . . .  CAL 28:191, CAL 29:461, CAL 32:1674;
J&J 8:52, J&J 8:1296, J&J 10:111, J&J 11:265, J&J 13:209,
J&J 16:1134, J&J 18:320, J&J 19:523, J&J 21:138,
J&J 23:274; PCA 44:1518, PCA 59:1947, PCA 63:1957,
PCA 67:942, PCA 68:651, PCA 70:1343
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1987.53.74
Exhibited: AE8 {1977} NSS 44th Exhibition cat, illus  94
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 1:5 (October 1975) p 2
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 1:6 (December 1975)p 6
Illustrated: P21 The Art Medalist 2:4 (July 1976)p 1, 16
1977 Salute to Old Glory Calendar Medal . . . . . . MAco 1976-171
Auctions:. . . . . CAL 28:193, CAL 32:1675, CAL 33:1439,
CAL 35:454; J&J 8:1297, J&J 19:424, J&J 21:1154,
J&J 26:481; PCA 51:1118, PCA 53:1613
Collection: American Numismatic Society. . .  1977.178.1
1978 Zodiac Calendar Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .MAco  1977-107
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 28:194, CAL 30:234, CAL 32:1676,
CAL 35:455; PCA 51:1119, PCA 52:1510,
PCA 53:1617. PCA 71:1438
Exhibited: AE8 {1978} NSS 45th Exhibition cat, illus  88
1979 Sailing Ships Tall and True Calendar
Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .MAco 1978-075
Auctions:. . . . . . CAL 28:195, CAL 29:460, CAL 30:235,
CAL 32:1679, CAL 33:1441, CAL 35:456; J&J 13:211,
J&J 18:321, J&J 19:525; PCA 51:1120, PCA 52:1511,
PCA 53:1618
Exhibited: AE8 {1979} NSS 46th Exhibition cat, illus
1980 Olympic Winter Games Lake Placid Calendar
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Gadoury 4, MAco 1979-80
Auctions:. . . . .  J&J 12:342, J&J 16:2186, J&J 19:526,
J&J 21:139; CAL 28:196, CAL 29:462, CAL 30:236,
CAL 32:1682, CAL 33:1442; PCA 52:1512, PCA 53:1623,
PCA 58:1972, PCA 60:1621, PCA 63:1963, PCA 71:1440
Exhibited: F.I.D.E.M. 19 Congress, Florence (1983)  1711
Illustrated: P4 {1979} TAMS Journal 19:6 (December)p 256
1981 History of Flight Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . MAco 1980-155
Auctions:. . . . . . J&J 19:527, J&J 23:275; CAL 28:198,
CAL 29:464, CAL 30:237, CAL 32:1683, CAL 33:1443;
PCA 52:1513, PCA 53:1624, PCA 60:1623
1982 Dreamer of Dreams Calendar Medal . . . . . . .MAco  1981-054
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 30:238, CAL 31:193, CAL 32:1684,
CAL 33:1445; J&J 19:528; PCA 52:1514, PCA 53:1627,
PCA 66:1342, PCA 71:1442
Exhibited: AE8 {1981} NSS 48th Exhibition cat, illus 111
Illustrated: AF19 {1983} F.I.D.E.M. Catalog. . . . . . .  1712
1983 History of American Automobile Calendar
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . MAco  1981-203
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 29:465, CAL 33:1446; PCA 71:1443
1985 Rime of the Ancient Mariner Calendar
Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .. MAco  1984-179
Auctions:. . . .  PCA 52:1516, PCA 53:1629, PCA 64:2068,
PCA 67:948, PCA 71:1446
1986 Statue of Liberty Calendar Medal (also called Mother
of Exiles Calendar Medal). . . . . . . . . . . . MAco  1985-039
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 28:17; PCA 52:1517, PCA 53:1630,
PCA 60:1632, PCA 64:2069, PCA 67:949, PCA 71:1450
Illustrated: F.I.D.E.M. Catalog (1987) 1431, p . . . 402
1987 Eagle Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  MAco  1986-175
Auctions:. .PCA 50:1549-1551, PCA 52:1518, PCA 60:1638,
PCA 65:1864, PCA 67:950, PCA 71:1451
Exhibited: AM3 {1988} AMSA Traveling Exhibition. . . p 5
Exhibited: F.I.D.E.M. 21 Congress, Colorado Spgs..  1430
1988 Carousel Calender Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .MAco  1988-251
(NB: This design also cut into 2 ½-inch for crystal pattern.)
Auctions:. . . . . PCA 61:1361, PCA 63:1970, PCA 71:1454
Exhibited: AM3 {1988} AMSA Traveling Exhibition. . . p 5
Exhibited: AF22 {1990} F.I.D.E.M. Exhibit, Helsinki.
Exhibited: AM4 {1990} AMSA Newark Museum Exhibit p 4
Illustrated: P8 Medallic Sculpture 6 (Fall 1990) page 23
1989 Pegasus Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . ..MAco  1987-252
Auctions:. . . . . PCA 52:1519, PCA 70:1362, PCA 71:1457
Exhibited: AF22 {1990} F.I.D.E.M. Exhibit, Helsinki.
Exhibited: AM4 {1990} AMSA Newark Museum Exhibit p 4
Illustrated: Sculpture Review 39:3 (3rd Quarter 1990) 17
1990 Great American Circus Calendar Medal . . . MAco 1989-330
Auctions:. . . . . PCA 52:1520, PCA 60:1644, PCA 71:1461
Exhibited: AF22 {1990} F.I.D.E.M. Exhibit, Helsinki.
Exhibited: AM4 {1990} AMSA Newark Museum Exhibit p 4
    Rockwell Society Calendar Series:
1979 Rockwell Society Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . .
Auctions: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PCA 44:1777
1980 Rockwell Society Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . .
Auctions: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .PCA 44:1778
    R  E  F  E  R  E  N  C  E  S
P21 {1975} 200-Year Panorama of American Events Emblazen Bicentennial Medallic Art Calendar. The Art Medalist
1:5 (October 1975) p 3; 1:6 (Dec 1975) p 6; 2:4 (July 1976) cover, p 1, 16.

KITCHEN, W.W. (fl 1892) engraver.
    Shell Medals:
1892 Columbian Exposition Perpetual Calendar
Medal. . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  Fuld Ki 4, Eglit 416
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 70:1250
                                       R  E  F  E  R  E  N  C  E  S
P2  {1958} Fuld. Calendar Medals and Store Cards. The Numismatist 71:6 (June 1958) Ki 4, p 684.
S14 {1963} Eglit, 416, p
S58 {1999} Rulau. Standard Catalog U.S. Tokens, p 479.
LAUSER, Ernest  (1917- ) sculptor.
Born Palmyra, Pennsylvania, 10 December 1917.
Began carving age 8 or 9; asst commercial artist 1925.
Won Proctor & Gamble soap carving contest in 1929.
Freelance 1945; employed Commercial Art Service 1958-65.
Employed at Franklin Mint as medallic sculptor, March
1969, until he retired, October 1978.
Signed models EL in caps.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1974 Franklin Mint Zodiac Calendar Art Medal. . . .  FM CAL-x
Auctions:. . .  CAL 30:232, CAL 33:1435, CAL 35:449-451;
J&J 26:480
1975 Franklin Mint Calendar Art Medal . . . . . . .  FM CAL-x
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 22:850
1977 Franklin Mint Calendar Art Medal . . . . . . .  FM CAL-x
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 33:1440; J&J 26:482

MALETSKY, Alfred F.  (1943- ) sculptor.
Staff engraver Franklin Mint. Staff engraver U.S. Mint.
Born Easton, Pennsylvania, 1943.
Attended Pennsylvania Academy of Fine Arts and John
Hussian School of Art, studied painting, sculpture, graphics.
Joined Franklin Mint under William Cousins 1976.
Appointed sculptor-engraver U.S. Mint July 1993.
Twice won Coin Of The Year (COTY) Award 1998 for
the Paralympic Dollar and in 2001 for New Jersey quarter.
Calendar Medal Series:
1994 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . FM
Exhibited: AM6 {1994} AMSA New Medal Exhibit . . . . 143

MILLER, Vincent H.  ( ) sculptor.
On staff Franklin Mint.
Signed models VM in lower case with V extending over M.
    Calendar Series:
1977 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  FM CAL-8
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 33:1440

PAINE, Richard  (ca 1807- ) engraver, Springfield, Mass.
Active in Springfield at least 1840-57 whose major business
activity was creating cameo stamps.
    Medals:
1853 Perpetual Calendar Medal (obv signed S. Smith, rev
R. Paine; made by A.S. & W.C. Ellis Manufacturers &
Electrotypers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Storer 1695
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 9:594

PERSON, I.B.  ( ) patentee.
    Medals:
1853 Calendar Medal (patented 1851 by Person) . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 17:658

ROBERTS, Gilroy  (1905-1992) sculptor, engraver, Chief Engraver,
Philadelphia Mint, 1948-1964; Chief Engraver Franklin Mint
1965-92, Chairman of the Board 1965-72.
Born Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, 11 March 1905.
Hired 3 June 1936 for engraving staff at U.S. Mint under John
R. Sinnock, on 6 January 1938 transfered to Bureau of Engraving
and Printing, to return to the U.S. Mint where he was appointed
Chief Engraver 22 July 1948. After serving in this capacity for
17 years he resigned 8 October 1964 at age 59.
His medallic output was in three distinct classes:
(1) government work struck by U.S. Mint (1948-1964),
(2) private issues mostly struck by Medallic Art Company
(1950-1967), (3) private issues struck entirely by
Franklin Mint (1965-1992).
Enticed to leave the U.S. Mint by Joseph Segal, founder
of the Franklin Mint, Roberts was named Chief Engraver
and Chairman of the Board of Franklin Mint. He headed an
engraving department for this private mint that was to grow
to over a two dozen full time staff members, and utilized the
freelance talents of more than 240 outside sculptors. Roberts
would often create the first medal of a new series (in 20 i
nstances) and other sculptors would do the remainder of the series.
He signed both coin and medal models with distinctive GR
monogram (but in 15 different styles, often with date).
His monogram on the Roosevelt dime was infrequently
mistaken for a Russian hammer & scythe by the uninformed.
Three U.S. Mint artists–Roberts, Frank Gasparro, Adam Pietz–
(and sculptor Micael Lantz) were the first American medalists
to have exhibited in a F.I.D.E.M. exhibition (1951).
Roberts was a member of the jury (1974) of the National
Bicentennial Competition which chose the three coin designs
for the reverses of the U.S. quarter, half and dollar coins (won
by Jack L. Ahr, Seth G. Huntington, and Dennis R. Williams,
qq.v.). Other jury members were: Adlai S. Hardin, Robert
Weinman, all sculptors, Julius Lauth, of Medallic Art Company,
and Elvira Clain-Stefanelli, Smithsonian Institution numismatic
curator.
Member: National Sculpture Society.
Died Haverford, Pennsylvania, 26 January 1992.
His workshop was replicated after his death by the American
Numismatic Association in Colorado Springs, Colorado. Many
of this tools, models, drawings, and works of art were placed
on loan to the association.
    Calendar Medal Series:
1967 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 33:1432, CAL 35:448; PCA 63:1939
1968 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . .  CAL 33:1533; PCA 63:1941
1972 Calendar Medal . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 30:231; PCA 52:1509

SABIN, H.W.  (active 1853) engraver.
    Medals:
1853 Sabin’s New York World’s Fair Calendar Medal . . . .
Auctions: . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .  J&J 21:1146

SCHULE, Clifford  H.  ( ) sculptor.
On staff Franklin Mint.
Signed models with interlocking CS in caps.
    Calendar Medals:
1983 Father Time Franklin Mint Calendar Medal . . . FM CAL 14
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . CAL 33:1447

SMITH, S.  (active 1853) designer, patentee.
    Medals:
1853 Perpetual Calendar Medal (made by A.S. & W.C. Ellis or
Ellis & Read, patented by S. Smith). . . . . Storer 1660, 1661
1853 Perpetual Calendar Medal (obv signed S. Smith, rev
R. Paine; made by A.S. & W.C. Ellis Manufacturers &
Electrotypers) . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . Storer 1695
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 9:594
                                  R  E  F  E  R  E  N  C  E  S
M10 {1923} Storer (Massachusetts) 1660, 1661, p 215; 1695 219.

STOLP, M.G.  ( ) designer.
    Medals:
1892 World’s Fair Calendar Medal (copywrited by Stolp). .
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 52:1327

TRUE, Benjamin C.  (fl 1832-79) Early American engraver, diesinker,
seal engraver, letter cutter; Albany, New York (1823-38);
Cincinnati (1849-1879).
Listed in Albany first as letter cutter (1823-33) then
gunsmith, but left for Cincinnati in 1849. His Albany
business was carried on by relative Daniel True (q.v.).
Created what he called “Wealth of the South Series”
in effect stock dies for use by anyone. One obverse
was dominated by palmetto tree with bales, hogsheads,
cannon, cannonballs at base; others were portraits of
Abraham Lincoln, John Breckenridge, John Bell,
Stephen Douglas. Reverse design was symbolic
pastiche of rice, tobacco, sugar, cotton. These were
illustrated N35 {2002} Bowers, More Adventures,
p 289, 294-299.
Signed dies: T, TRUE F, and TRUE ALB (later in Albany).
    Medals:
1855 Pennsylvania Calendar Medal Mule (dealer Joseph Levine
suggests True or Peter Jacobus as artist). . . Baker 611
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 44:86
1855 Ohio Calendar Medal Mule (dealer Joseph Levine
suggests True or Peter Jacobus as artist). . . Baker 612
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 44:87
1858 Washington (George) Perpetual Calendar Medal . Baker 385
Collection: American Numismatic Society.  0000.999.39339
1858 Washington (George) Perpetual Calendar Medal . Baker 386
Auctions:. . . . . PCA 58:1272, PCA 63:1137, PCA 65:1270

TRUMBULL, John  (1756-1843) painter, designer.
Born Lebanon, Connecticut, 6 June 1756.
While in England he was commissioned to design the
three Washington Seasons Medals, struck by Soho Mint.
Four of his paintings in United States Capitol, including
Signing of the Declaration of Independence,
replicated on several medallic items (listed below).
His portrait on third American Art-Union Medal, 1849.
Died New York City, 10 November 1843.
    Replicas and Reissues:
(1857 ca) Perpetual Calendar Medal (George Washington on
horseback in Trenton from Trumbull painting) . Baker 386
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . J&J 10:1052

WEISTROP, Elizabeth Nealon  (1916-1999) sculptor, medalist, painter.
Born 15 February 1916.
Signed models E.W. initials.
Member: National Sculpture Society.
Winner 1974 National Sculpture Society Lindsey Morris
Prize for best bas-relief (including medallic art).
Died Half Moon Bay, California, 23 March 1999.
    Medals:
1965 Equal Justice Under Law Medal. . . . . . . .  MAco 1965-46
Auctions:. . . . .  CAL 28:411, CAL 32:1826, CAL 35:697;
J&J 11:534, J&J 16:1616
    Replicas and Reissues:
1980 Equal Justice Under Law Calendar Medal (obv Weistrop’s
1965 obv of same name, muled with rev 1980
calendar by Marcel Jovine MAco 79-80). . . MAco  ?
Auctions:. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . PCA 42:1154

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Veterans, are your military medals in a drawer somewhere? Do you even know where they are?  Your military service was rewarded by an appreciative government. The nation expresses that gratitude with medals – military medals and decorations.

There is a medal for each campaign in which you were engaged, for every theater of combat, for marksmanship, for good conduct, and a variety of other activities in which the citizens of this nation wanted to recognize your participation.

Purple Heart

The Purple Heart

An entire class of military decorations are awarded for exceptional duty and bravery for the nation to honor its heroes, all the way up to the Medal of Honor. And if you were injured in that service you were honored with a “wound medal,” in America, it’s the Purple Heart, one of the nation’s prestigious awards.

Frank Foster, president of Medals of America, a firm that frames military decorations, medals and insignia, encourages this practice, says “Bring your awards out of the shadows!”

That’s good advice!

You may have been issued medals before being discharged. If not, you are qualified for these medals and that fact remains in your military records. You can still obtain the medals to which you are qualified, at least one of each. There is no time limit to apply for these. We have all read newspaper accounts when some senior citizen receives his medals decades later.

The government honors your service. It stands by that commitment.

But what to do with those medals? Medals of America is a member of a small industry, all run by veterans, that frame those medals for you. If you have lost a medal they can replace it. They can include your insignia – to record your highest rank – or add your service ribbon, or add a favorite photograph if you wish, even include your Challenge Coin if your unit issued one. You will be asked for the wording on the nameplate along with the proper medals.

The frames come in an assortment of sizes, woods, and background colors to customize your frame. Start by going online at – MedalsofAmerica.com – and design your own frame. You see everything in full color before you send off your medals to them and place your frame order. There are separate frames for the American flag, or the triangular panel for a properly folded flag can be included with the frame of your medals.

This is how your military medals should be housed and displayed. Place the completed frame on the wall in your den or office. No longer in the shadows, it is visible for all to see, including yourself. The colorful ribbons and handsome medals make an attractive wall decoration. It will enhance your pride.

Just how valuable are your medals?  Money wise not a great deal. Most medals cost less than five or ten dollars. You can purchase a Purple Heart for $35. The more exotic decorations are more costly.

But it is not the money that makes these medals valuable. It’s the documentation, the physical record of your military service and the honorable awards you achieved. That framed collection of medals is a permanent artifact for generations to witness.

Your framed collection is easy to pass down to your descendants. Mention it in your will. If you have no descendants, instruct the executor of your estate to donate it to a local museum. They should preserve that fame, perhaps along with others, to record the military service of local citizens.

Medals have a very important characteristic of longevity. They last forever. That frame documents your service. That is why the nameplate is necessary. Along with your name include your branch of service, dates; list the campaigns if you wish. This is permanent documentation.

The frame serves to preserve the condition of the medals as well. The author was a dealer in medals for a decade and a half, dealing in all medals from all countries, decorations in addition to “table medals” – what collectors called medals that are not worn.

A customer wanted to know the value of a Panama Canal Medal he had inherited from an elderly uncle. It bore the portrait of Teddy Roosevelt and was designed by Victor D. Brenner, designer of the Lincoln Cent. He didn’t know how rare it was. The medal was badly nicked and pitted. “Where has this medal been?” I asked.

“I kept it in my fishing tackle box,” he said. Along with plugs and hooks. I had to tell him he put a $1,000 medal in his fishing tackle box, certainly not the best place for it, and took out a $200 medal. Its condition and value had been drastically lowered.

So use of frames will preserve the original condition.

Just as service personnel “preserve and protect” America in the military, in a statement by Ross Hansen, president of Medallic Art Company, maker of military medals, veterans should “preserve and protect their medals.”

Medallic Art’s connection with military medals goes back to World War I. The firm served sculptors, in fact the founders themselves were sculptors, Henri and Felix Weil. Another sculptor, James Earle Fraser, was commissioned to create the Victory Medal, to be given to ever person who served in that “Great War.”

Three million such medals were required. That’s a large order. Another sculptor, Herbert Adams, was hired by the Secretary of War to oversee that commission.

Fraser created his medal design in clay, nine to ten times the size of the intended medal, then he cast that in plaster for both sides. He brought these plasters to Medallic Art Company Weils, who made wax reductions on a machine they had imported from France.

Fraser had the Weils do this over and over until he was satisfied with his design. The Weils then made dies to strike sample medals to be turned over to the government. The Weils also helped write specifications as to how these medals were to be made.

The Weils also wanted to manufacture those medals for the great profits to be earned from striking so many medals. Dozens of firms were invited to bid. The Weils bid 75¢ each, where other firms bid as high as $1 each. But the contract went to a Newark metalstamping firm which had bid 17¢ each.

But the government learned a lesson. The quality of those World War Victory medals at 17¢ each were so poor the firm was never given another contract. In contrast, the Medallic Art Company was awarded contract after contract throughout the years, up to and following World War II where the size of the orders were for millions of medals.

In all, Medallic Art struck 58 different military medals and decorations for the U.S. government including the Congressional Medal of Honor. It worked with the Institute of Heraldry, which, for the most part, designed, oversaw, and ordered the medals. Medallic Art created all the tools, dies and punches needed for this detailed work. America’s military medals are some of the finest in the world.

The firm was so active in this business, now owned by an Indiana businessman, Clyde C. Trees, that Fortune magazine, in a June 1945 article, reported on this business, stating that Medallic Art was the leading producer of military medals among a group of New England firms striking medals for the military.

Ross Hansen learned of this military activity after he purchased Medallic Art Company in June 2010. Previously he was in the bullion business, dealing in precious metals. He needed to strike that bullion in a more convenient form than the heavy ingots used among the industry.

He built his own plant, Northwest Territorial Mint, in Auburn, Washington, to

mint one-ounce and similar bullion medals to accommodate investors with a more convenient form. These took the shape of tiny ingots, or more common circular form, called “rounds” for lack of a better term. Once he had an active mint he was asked to strike a challenge coin for a friend in the military.

This led to similar orders, until he became a major supplier of challenge coins to military units and individuals, stationed all over the world. Challenge coins had caught on in a big way as a popular practice in the military. Hansen established a shop in the Pentagon to service this medal business.

Everyone in the military, it seemed, was carrying a challenge coin, their own, or their unit’s custom coin, all the way up the chain of command. Chief Officers in all branches of the service, the Secretary of Defense, even the President of the United States, had their own challenge coin.

They were given to members of special units, or an individual could order his own. Soon they were exchanged, traded, until some individuals had sizeable collections. They make ideal additions to your own famed medals.

Woe be to the person who could not pull at least one challenge coin out of their pocket when challenged. If you forgot yours, you had to buy a round of drinks for all those who did.

Hansen was impressed by the military for which he now had great empathy. He knew his firm had once produced large quantities of medals and decorations. But two previous owners of the firm had not sought out this business. He visited the Institute of Heraldry at Fort Belvoir, Virginia, to learn more and learn why.

He learned that one of the major producers of military decorations, once Medallic Art was not soliciting this business, was Graco Industries of Tomball, Texas. Ross Hansen like the firm so well, he bought the company.

With headquarters at present in Auburn, Washington, Hansen now has seven locations throughout the United States for the manufacture of dies, medals of all kinds, and the sale of all such medallic items.

In contrast to some medal business emanating  overseas, particularly in China, Hansen stresses that medals produced by his firms are 100 percent made in America, at every step of production – from American artists to the processing of the metal composition, to the striking, fabricating, and packaging – is all performed in America.

For the American veteran, he can enjoy the knowledge of his American-made military medals in the frame on his wall are the finest in the world. That was worth fighting for!

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•  An anniversary medal is to a company what a birthday cake is to a person.

•  Give a medal to a person. Give a plaque to a company or organization.

•  No one collects one medal. That is the basic premise for every medal series.

•  It is better to have a simple medal design with elaborate detail than an elaborate design with simple detail.

•  To goldplate a bronze medal is to gild a lily. To gild an award medal is to create a higher class medal.

•  There is no greater pride in the world than that of the recipient of a gold medal.

•  An average numismatist talks about coins, a small numismatist talks about tokens, a great numismatist talks about medals.

•  God made the metal — m-e-t-a-l, man makes the medal — m-e-d-a-l.

•  No undercuts in a coin or medal model to be diestruck – artists must bevel all relief.


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